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Common Birds Of Margallah Hills National Park

Resident Birds

These birds remain in Margallah Hills National Park throughout the year. They sing and breed in spring. As their number increases the young birds disperse for food within the area and even disperse to new areas. The young birds are preyed upon by predators in the air as well as on ground. The smarter ones among these survive the hazards of nature to sing and breed in spring. Best time to see these beauties is soon after sunrise and little before sunset.

  • Short-toed Eagle (Circaetus gallicus)
  • Indian Roller (Coracias benghalensis)
  • Oriental White-eye (Zosterops palpebrosa)
  • Indian Tree Pie (Dendrocitta vagabunda)

Flagship Species

  • Small Minivet (Pericrocotus cinnamomeus)
  • Blue-throated Barbet (Megalaima asiatica)
  • Crested Lark (Galerida cristata)
  • Rusty-cheeked Scimitar-babbler (Pomatorhinus erythrogenys)

Migratory Birds

Four types of migratory birds visit Margallah Hills National Park (MHNP): a). Winter visitors from northern latitudes i.e. from northern Asia. b). Winter visitors from higher altitudes i.e. from Himalayan heights. c). Summer visitors from south i.e. the birds that breed and spend summer in MHNP, after that they migrate back. d). Passage migrants. These birds stop for short duration in autumn in MHNP while migrating from north to south or from Himalayan heights to lower heights or plains. These again pass through MHNP while migrating back in spring and stop again for short duration.

a) Winter Visitors From Northern Latitudes

  • Eurasian Sparrow Hawk (Accipiter nisus)
  • Northern Hobby (Falco subbuteo)

b) Winter Visitors From Himalayan Heights

  • Black crested-tit (Luscinia brunnea)
  • Yellow-rumped Leaf Warbler (Parus rufonuchalis)
  • Indian Blue Robin or Chat (Phylloscopus ororegulus)

c) Summer Breeders

  • Golden Oriole (Oriolus oriolus)
  • Hoopoe (Upupa epops)

d) Passage Migrants

  • Pine Bunting (Umberiza leucocephals)

Butterflies of The Margallah Hills National Park

Few Words About Buterflies

Butterflies play mainly three roles in the ecosystem. They lay a large number of eggs, so a
large number of caterpillars or larvae hatch out. These voraciously eat leaves throughout the
day and night causing considerable damages to green plants. These larvae are pulpy and are
picked by birds to feed their nestlings. After larval stage they become pupae and then these
transform to beautiful butterflies. These then suck juice from various flowers, thus they help
in cross-pollination. Margalla Hills National Park has large variety of butterflies. The common
ones are illustrated here

Some Common Types Of Butterflies The
Margalla Hills National Park

  • Common Leopard
  • Mottled Emigrant
  • Lemon Emigrant
  • Common Emigrant
  • Large Cabbage White
  • Pioneer (Male)
  • Pioneer (Female)
  • Common Grass Yellow
  • Common Brimstone
  • Plain Tiger
  • Common Tiger
  • Common Mormon
  • Common Windmill
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